We had previously blogged, most recently on December 27, 2018, about the constitutional challenge to California’s ban on the sale of foie gras produced by traditional force-feeding of poultry. On January 7, 2019, the Supreme Court denied certiorari in the producers’ challenges and that appears to end the matter.

Foie gras is based on the livers of geese and ducks. The traditional method of obtaining it is gavage, force-feeding poultry through a tube in their esophagi to enlarge the liver.  In 2004, California passed legislation effective in 2012 to ban the use of force-feeding in California and the sale in California of foie